Caribbean Costa rica tours explore the rain forest in Costa Rica
In relation to the main ecosystems of Cahuita tours, the coral reef present around Punta Cahuita (from Perezoso to Puerto Vargas) stands out first. This reef with an extension of 600 ha, is the most developed of the Costa Rican Caribbean coast and one of the most important in the country (Cortés 1995, Fonseca et al 2006, Fonseca et al 2007, Cortés et al., 2010). Among the most striking or common coral species are Acropora palmata (moose horn), Diploria clivosa, D. strigosa (brain coral), Porites porites, P. astreoides, Montastrea cavernosa, M. faveolata, Millepora complanata, Siderastrea radians, S. siderea (star coral) and Agaricia agaricites (lettuce coral), which manages to dominate 80% of the substrate at greater depths (Cortés and Risk 1984, Fonseca et al., 2006, Cortés et al., 2010). In total, 34 species of zooxanthellated scleractinian corals have been identified in this reef (Cortés and Guzmán 1985b), 19 species of octocorals (Guzmán and Cortés 1985b), 6 species of azooxanthellated corals (Cortés 2009, cited by Cortés et al., 2010) and 3 hydrocoral species (Cortés 1992). In addition, 128 species of algae, 44 species of crustaceans, 140 species of mollusks and 123 species of fish are recorded (Palacios 2009).